Hormones


Testosterone

Testosterone is the principle hormone in a group of hormones called androgens. Testosterone plays a role in sexual function, in addition to helping build muscle mass, maintain bone density and regulate hair growth. Not just a “male hormone,” testosterone also plays an important role in women. In men, testosterone is produced by the testes, whereas in women, testosterone is primarily secreted by the ovaries.

What does Testosterone do?
  • Improves bone density
  • Builds lean muscle mass
  • Weight loss
  • Jumpstarts your sex drive
  • Reduces hot flashes and night sweats
  • Improves memory and cognitive functions
Symptoms of low Testosterone include:
  • Low sex drive
  • Inability to build and maintain muscle mass
  • Weight gain
  • Hair loss
  • Breast enlargement (in men)
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Mood swings

Estrogen

Estrogen refers to any hormone in a specific chemically similar group called the estrogenic hormones. This group consists of estradiol, estrone and estriol. While it is largely considered a female hormone, estrogen is also produced in males in smaller quantities.

In women, estrogen is made primarily by the ovaries, but can also be produced by the adrenal glands and fat tissue. In men, estrogen is mainly produced by the testes, adrenal and pituitary glands.

What does Estrogen do?
  • Improves bone density
  • Reduces risk of osteoporosis
  • Assists in growth and maturity of sperm in males
  • Boosts libido and sexual desire
  • Reduces risk of obesity
  • Reduces risk of diabetes
Symptoms of low Estrogen include:
    • Early menopause
    • Night sweats
    • Hot flashes
    • Emotional distress
    • Forgetfulness
    • Insomnia
    • Lack of sexual desire
    • Painful intercourse
    • Bone loss
    • Bladder infections
    • Irritability
    • Headaches

Progesterone

Progesterone is an essential substance that our body uses to make many of the other hormones vital for good health. Progesterone is made in your body from cholesterol. First, your body turns cholesterol into pregnenolone. Pregnenolone is then converted into progesterone, which your body uses to create other necessary hormones.

Progesterone serves as a precursor not only to DHEA, testosterone and estrogen, but also to cortisol, the stress hormone. It is secreted primarily by the ovaries in females and by the testes in men. Smaller amounts are produced by the adrenal glands and in the brain cells in both women and men.

What does Progesterone do?
  • Regulates blood sugar levels
  • Promotes cognitive functions
  • Helps build bones
  • Plays a role in turning fat into energy
  • Natural anti-depressant
  • Aids in normalizing blood clotting
  • Helps initiate sleep
  • Natural diuretic
Symptoms of low Progesterone include:
    • Mood changes, anxiety, nervousness, irrational fears and irritability
    • Depression
    • Headaches and migraines
    • Hot flashes
    • Low sex drive
    • Menstrual problems such as irregularity or heavy bleeding
    • PMS
    • Breast disorders, pain or tenderness
    • Endometriosis
    • Pyroluria
    • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
    • Weight gain
    • Postpartum depression
    • Infertility or miscarriage

DHEA

DHEA is secreted by the adrenal gland and is a precursor hormone for many other hormones throughout our bodies. Because DHEA is intrinsic to the development of other hormones, an imbalance in DHEA can lead to an imbalance in estrogen, testosterone and cortisol. At 30 years of age, the levels of DHEA begin to decrease and by 70, we are only producing about 10% of what we did at a younger age.

What does DHEA do?
  • Increases testosterone
  • Increases muscle mass
  • Improves immunity
  • Improves memory
  • Improves body fat ratio
Symptoms of low DHEA:
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of strength
  • Depression
  • Decreased sex drive
  • Aching joints

Cortisol

Cortisol is better known as the “stress hormone.” The hormone is produced by the adrenal gland and released during the body’s “fight or flight” response. The highest levels are produced during the morning and taper off during the day. Cortisol is also released during exercise, excitement and when you have low blood sugar.

Symptoms of low Cortisol:
 
  • Depression and emotional hypersensitivity
  • Faintness and dizziness
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Heart palpitations
  • Headache, scalp ache or general body ache
  • Severe or dull lower back pain
  • Extremely sensitive skin
  • Nausea, diarrhea and vomiting
  • Chronic abdominal pain and hunger pains
  • Extreme craving for salty foods
  • Clumsiness and confusion
  • Motion sickness
  • Insomnia and dark circles under the eyes
  • Low bladder capacity and symptoms of IBS
  • Irregular or non-existent menstrual period